Improving Sanitation - Water and Well-Being in India - 28th May 2018

    View this newsletter in full

Sewage treatment plants are a must

At a conference in Stockholm, Naina Lal Kidwai felt embarrassed when India was lambasted for its poor sanitation. “As an Indian in the audience, it was awful to hear that,” she says. Her latest book, Survive or Sink, presents a practical approach to sanitation, waste management and pollution. The 61-year-old says it has been a fairly easy transition from the corner office in the HSBC headquarters in Fort, Mumbai, to checking toilets and open drains in villages.
3rd Jun 2018 - The Week

An SOS for sanitation

27th May 2018 - The Tribune India

No free rice for villages that are not open defecation free: Puducherry LG Kiran Bedi

The territorial government's free rice scheme would be operated in rural areas only after local MLAs and commune panchayat commissioners certify that the hamlets are open defecation and garbage free by May 31, Puducherry Lt governor Kiran Bedi said on Saturday. Bedi stated this in a WhatsApp message to mediapersons after her weekend visits to some villages, where she expressed dissatisfaction over the 'slow pace' of implementation of the rural sanitation programme.
28th Apr 2018 - The Times of India

Puducherry Lt Governor Kiran Bedi suspends ‘no toilets, no free rice’ order after protests

28th Apr 2018 - Scroll

Odisha govt sets target to make state open defecation free by end of this year

The state government has set an ambitious target to make all districts of the state open defecation free (ODF) by end of this year. It also aims to declare four districts ODF within two months. Chief secretary Aditya Prasad Padhi said this after reviewing implementation of the ongoing ‘Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM)’ in the state on Thursday. He along with Parameswaran Iyer, drinking water and sanitation secretary of government of India, chaired a high level meeting on the issue at the state secretariat here.
24th May 2018 - The Times of India

Odisha targets to achieve "Open Defecation Free" status by 2018: Panchayat bodies, SHGs to be involved

25th May 2018 - First Post

No toilet, no pay: Government employees in Sitapur asked to "pose for selfies"

The District Magistrate of Sitapur in Uttar Pradesh has issued an order for all government employees here to pose in front of toilets in their homes to prove that they do not relieve themselves in the open. Failure to send the selfie could mean no salary for the month of May.
26th May 2018 - Zee News

Sitapur: Govt employees asked to take selfies in front of toilets

Sitapur District Magistrate has taken the Swacch Bharat mission to another level by issuing an order, asking all government employees to submit a picture of them posing in front of the toilet at their home. The employees will also have to submit a certificate proof of their respective toilets to ensure that every household has a toilet built. The step has been taken by the District Magistrate in a bid to make the district free from open defecation.
26th May 2018 - Asian News International

Plea to keep Guntur district in first place in Open Defecation-Free

Rural Water Supply secretary B Ramanajaneyulu appreciated the efforts of the district administration for announcing Guntur district as Open Defecation-Free. He conducted a meeting with the RWS and Panchayat Raj officials. He urged the people to show same spirit to keep Guntur district as (ODF Plus) in the first place in the state. He stressed on the need to separate dry and wet garbage and keep villages clean. He insisted on construction of toilets in every house and cleaning of the side drains.
25th May 2018 - The Hans India

How Meghan Markle got the world talking about periods

When the Duchess, a proud feminist, selected a small charity in India that offers women access to sanitary products, she was hailed for highlighting the deeply unfashionable subject of periods. The issue of 'period poverty', and its effects on women both here and internationally, is finally gaining attention: the Girl Guides has just announced it is introducing a badge dedicated to it. The charity, Myna Mahila Foundation, aims to break taboos around menstrual hygiene in India, and employs women in Mumbai’s urban slums to make affordable sanitary pads and then sell them back into their communities. The organisation was the only non-British charity on the Duke and Duchess’s list.
24th May 2018 - The Telegraph

DCM Shriram Ltd. Signs MoU for Kota School Sanitation Project; Launches “Shriram Swachagrah Project”

DCM Shriram Ltd. Under the aegis of DCM Foundation has initiated the “Shriram Swachagrah Project” for improvement of sanitation infrastructure in 1072 Govt. Schools comprising of 777 Primary and 295 Secondary Schools of the entire Kota District. The project is spread over a period of 3 - 4 years and involves total Project expenditure between Rs. 15 - 20 crores.
24th May 2018 - Outlook India

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan ground realities expose poor sanitation coverage, hyped "open-defecation free" claims

In Jampada village of Jharsuguda, a declared 100 percent ODF district, there are 40 households and all of them do have a toilet. But they are not used as the village does not have a water supply. All that it has is a single handpump outside the village. Some other villages in Jharsuguda and Deogarh in Odisha, both ODF districts, tell a similar story.
24th May 2018 - First Post

CAG of India Climbs into Toilet Pit, Empties Human Compost with Own Hands!

On Thursday, in an attempt to abolish this very stigma and set an example among his peers and the villagers present, Rajiv Mehrishi, a former IAS officer and the current Comptroller and Auditor General of India, climbed down into a twin-pit toilet in rural Maharashtra and emptied it with his bare hands.
22nd May 2018 - The Better India

Water scarcity sees revival of open defecation

Toilets constructed in thousands of households in rural areas in parched Bundelkhand region of MP have remained unused as the locals struggled to get a few pitchers of water for their daily use (for cooking and drinking purposes) by tapping water sources far away from their villages. Abandoned toilets are a common sight in the water scarce villages of Sendhpa, Biro, Kisangarh, Gohadibaksaha, Ranital, and Sangrampura in Chhattarpur and Bori, Bomrikala, Pahadikhurd, Tihrika, and Bomrikala Van in Tikamgarh district. “The SBM in villages facing serious water crisis has proved to be damp squib and the abandoned toilets in the houses in the parched region of rural Bundelkhand bear testimony to it,” said social activist P. Guwahara.
21st May 2018 - The Asian Age

Bhopal: Make your districts open defecation free by September, says chief secretary to collectors

Chief Secretary Basant Pratap Singh expressed his annoyance on Thursday to the 14 collectors which have been found to be lagging behind in eradication of open defecation from their districts, under the Swachh Bharat Mission of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. During a Parakh video conferencing session with the collectors Singh said that the matter of making their districts open defecation free (ODF) is not limited only to them rather he too have to answer about it to the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO).
18th May 2018 - The Free Press Journal

Open Defecation-free Maharashtra? Railways "potty" trains motormen

Yet the Suburban Railways has identified stretches that have 'night soil and unhygienic track conditions' and cautioned motormen to go slow there. 'Night soil' is a sweet-smelling term for human excreta. Speed restrictions have been imposed for other reasons such as construction of bridges, newly laid lines, presence of level crossing, defective rail, etc. Central Railway's (CR) situation is shittier than Western Railway's (WR). CR authorities have issued speed restrictions on more than 60 locations, while the WR's count is at 15. CR has asked the motormen to slow down to 20-30 kmph to avoid human casualty.
18th May 2018 - DNA India

Bhubaneswar Mayor Ananta Narayan Jena says open defecation led to Swachh survey failure

Bhubaneswar Mayor Ananta Narayan Jena said the Capital could not find a place in the top-10 list of any category because the City is yet to be made open defecation free. “Open defecation is a major constraint for any City to perform well in the Swachhata Sarvekshan. Despite several awareness campaigns and provision of public toilets, people in many slums continue to defecate in the open,” he said.
18th May 2018 - The New Indian Express

Open Defecation Is Much More Than Just A Sanitation Problem

With the ever-growing population, government and civil society continue to grapple with the issue of sanitation, taking into cognizance that 53 percent of Indian households still do not own a toilet (Census, 2011). Sanitation is an issue that affects everyone but women are often the most at risk. Open defecation is more than a sanitation issue—the lack of a safe, clean and secluded space to defecate specifically hurts women by drastically limiting their daily freedom.
16th May 2018 - Feminism in India

India’s Sanitation Revolution

Sanitation is the key to proper ... 307,349 villages across India have been declared Open Defecation Free (ODF). The ambitious goals set by the Indian government to clean up the nation faces several problems. In all probability, the Centre may not be ...
16th May 2018 - Countercurrents

P’kula MC spent Rs 45 lakh on checking open defecation

While the Haryana Government has declared Panchkula open defecation-free (ODF), officials of the cash-strapped Panchkula Municipal Corporation have spent nearly Rs 45 lakh only on visiting problem areas in private taxis in the past three months.
14th May 2018 - The Tribune India

Uttarakhand: Towards an "open defecation free" district

Teachers of a government school in Uttarakhand's Udham Singh Nagar district helped the parents of their students to build toilets in their houses. This comes three years after the launch of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan and a few months after Udham Singh Nagar was declared open defecation free (ODF). The teachers said that the idea of helping parents in making toilets at their houses came after they found out that the children don't have toilets at their houses and they used to defecate in the open. One of the teachers said, "Idea of helping parents in making toilets in their houses came after we found out that the children don't have toilets at their houses and they are not aware of cleanliness."
13th May 2018 - Yahoo! India News

MP to be open defecation free by Oct 2, says CM Shivraj

Madhya Pradesh would be declared open defecation free (ODF) on October 2 this year even though the Centre has set the deadline for 2019. "Narendra Modi took a historic initiative by announcing Swachchta Abhiyan across the country. We have pledged to declare the state as open defecation free (ODF) by October 2 this year against the deadline of 2019", said Minister Chouhan, while addressing a state-level Swachhta Award ceremony.
13th May 2018 - The Times of India

Girls in govt-run hostel in Madhya Pradesh forced to defecate in open, claims warden

Over 100 girl students of a government hostel in Madhya Pradesh are forced to defecate and bathe in the open because of water scarcity in toilets, says its warden, at a time when every state is trying to achieve the ‘Open Defecation Free (ODF)’ tag. The hostel in Madiyadoh village, about 60 km from the district headquarters, has toilets, but shortage of water has rendered them useless, forcing students to defecate in the open, an official said.
11th May 2018 - Hindustan Times

Shame! Open defecation still rampant

The civic body has declared the city open defecation-free. But in its backyard at Sriram Nagar near Vellalore dump yard around 50 families defecate in the open. That’s not all. These families, comprising nearly 50 children, live amidst filth and garbage, while the city corporation boasts of having bettered its Swachh Survekshan ranking under the smart city project. The women, men and children in the area say they are forced to defecate in the open as there are no community toilets near their locality. These people are allegedly employed by the corporation contractor incharge of solid waste management to collect plastic, paper, iron and other resaleable items from the waste.
5th May 2018 - The Times of India

Incredible Woman Makes 82 Gram Panchayats Open-Defecation Free in Just 4 Years! - The Better India

Monika told NDTV. “I saw one lady [die] in front of me–the reason of death was hunger,” she added. The old lady suffered from a stomach infection that prevented the absorption of nutrients from the food she consumed. Monika explained, “The cause of stomach infection was unhygienic surroundings–the lady was bedridden and used the same place for sleeping, sitting, eating and even for defecating and urinating.”
2nd May 2018 - The Better India

Improving Sanitation - Water and Well-Being in India - 18th Dec 2017

    View this newsletter in full

Understanding the Indian rural sanitation market

As a follow-up to the Sanitation Innovation Accelerator, IRC, Ennovent and Ecociate Consultants commissioned a study to gain insights in the sanitation market in Bihar and Odisha, two states with relatively low levels of sanitation coverage: 29% and 43% respectively. The study was conducted over a period of 3 months (from January to March 2017) in two rural districts: one with a high population density and situated in a heavy clay silt agricultural plain (Samastipur district, Bihar) and the other with a low population density situated in a sandy tropical coast (Ganjam district, Odisha). The study came up with several recommendations detailed in this story..
15th Dec 2017 - Sanitation Updates.wordpress.com

Eram Scientific Wins India’s First-ever Swachh Bharat Hackathon For e-Toilet Innovation

Eram Group, a diversified business conglomerate headquartered in Dubai, announced that its group company - Eram Scientific Solutions has won the Swachhathon 1.0 award in India’s first-ever Swachh Bharat Hackathon, organized by the Indian Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. Eram won the maiden Swachhathon 1.0 award in a hotly contested competition by trumping both domestic and foreign firms working on the sanitation technology space. The Hackathon received a massive response in six categories. Eram won the award in the `Monitoring Usage of Toilets’ category.
15th Dec 2017 - Live-PR

Bill Ford Better World Challenge Projects Expand to India and Mexico

The Ford Motor Company Fund, and executive chairman Bill Ford, announced the award of $200,000 in funding as part of the Bill Ford Better World Challenge. This grant will support two international projects to improve health and sanitation conditions in India and Mexico. These two recipients will be joined by a third award allocated later in 2018. The first grant for the 2018 year has been awarded in the rural district of Kancheepuram, India, just outside of Chennai, where toilets and private restroom facilities are nonexistent. The grant will provide 100 residential SMART toilets in three villages for a total of 300 toilets. The SMART toilet facility is equipped with lighting, allowing for hand washing, and provides twin pits for sustainable use and maintenance.
15th Dec 2017 - Sustainable Brands

A Cultural View of Sanitation

Ending open defecation isn't just about building more toilets—it's also about making sure the culture is receptive to new sanitation practices.
15th Dec 2017 - Ssir.org

Stakeholders meeting on ‘Clean India’ campaign

A district-level consultative meeting on ‘Clean India’ campaign was organised here on Wednesday by the district administration. The meeting was presided over by District Collector C. Kathiravan. The campaign is implemented in the district with the participation of Bengaluru-based non-governmental organisation ‘Public Affairs Centre’ and Krishnagiri-based Annai Trust. According to the district administration, the panchayats of Thimmapuram in Kaveripattinam, Billanakuppam in Vepanapalli, and Chennapalli in Shoolagiri have been declared ‘Clean Panchayats’ as per the norms of the campaign. As many as 149 panchayats in the district have attained open-defecation free status and over 72% of the households in the district have their own individual toilets.
14th Dec 2017 - The Hindu

Chinese and Indian toilet revolutions look to Singapore's bottom line

President Xi Jinping has called for a “toilet revolution”, which will be the centrepiece of his “new countryside” drive. The goal is to improve the quality of life of the country’s 600 million villagers – the same number of people that India’s Narendra Modi is trying to wean from open defecation in India. After riding to power in May 2014, the Indian prime minister launched the Swachh Bharat (Clean India) campaign with the aim of eradicating open defecation by 2019. The national campaign spans 4,042 cities and towns and includes the construction of 110 million toilets, the largest toilet building programme in the history of mankind.
9th Dec 2017 - South China Morning Post

Redesigning the toilet for areas without running water

Toilets, or rather the absence of them, are a pressing public health problem. Some 2.3bn people worldwide lack access to safe and affordable sanitation and 1.8bn drink water contaminated by human faeces, according to the organisers of the UN-recognised World Toilet Day, marked this year on November 19. This state of affairs puts people at risk of dysentery, cholera, typhoid, worms and other diseases, says the World Health Organisation. Inadequate access to sanitation exposes women to additional risks of rape and assaults, as the UN and non-govenmental organisations have pointed out. Similarly, the challenge of managing menstruation in the absence of a toilet means that women frequently miss education and employment opportunities.
8th Dec 2017 - Financial Times

No rain, but sewer overflow adds to Chennaiites' pain

After stormwater now it is turn of sewage water to flow along the city roads. For the past one week there is not much rain in Chennai, but there is a constant flow of foul emanating water along the north Chennai city roads. Sewer overflow has been a common menace in low-lying areas of north Chennai and the situation near the slaughterhouses are even worse. Public residing in old parts of Chennai is forced to wade through sewer overflow and sanitation is a major issue in Thiru Vika Nagar, Choolai, Egmore, Pulianthope and Pattalam areas.
5th Dec 2017 - Deccan Chronicle

This Swachh India campaign will educate school teachers, principals about hygiene, sanitation

As part of its nationwide hygiene and sanitation campaign "Dettol Banega Swachh India", RB India in association with Jagran Pehel concluded a five-day training programme for Noida government schools' teachers and principals. Through the training session, the teachers and principals were taught how to use a teacher's manual and deliver the curriculum including the activities, creating a conducive environment for improvised hygiene and sanitation. The Hygiene E curriculum was introduced across these schools with the support of Noida District Magistrate and implementation partners in line with WASH delivery model. Developed by RB India in partnership with Butterfly Fields and XSEED, this curriculum has key elements like hygiene in school, home, neighbourhood, personal hygiene, and hygiene during illness.
4th Dec 2017 - India Today

Solar-Powered & Self-Cleaning, These are The Toilets India Needs!

Recently, on World Toilet Day 2017, the zoo launched the first-ever ‘Smart She’ toilet on its premise. Equipped with a sanitary napkin vending machine and a napkin incinerator, the unmanned self-cleaning toilet also has baby feeding and diaper changing stations. The user has to insert a coin to open the door, and its sensor-based light system is automatically turned on once you enter the toilet. This unique toilet design is the brainchild of Thiruvananthapuram-based Eram Scientific Solutions, an R&D social enterprise that works on innovative solutions that can provide better sanitation for the nearly 600 million Indians who still defecate in the open
27th Nov 2017 - The Better India

India even behind Somalia when it comes to safely managing sanitation services

Globally, about 2.3 billion people still lack basic sanitation service, according to the WHO-UNCIEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) titled ‘Progress on Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene 2017’. The JMP was responsible for monitoring the 2015 Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target and is now tracking progress towards the 2030 Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets related to drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). The majority of the 2.3 billion people, who lacked basic sanitation service as on 2015, either practised open defecation (892 million) or used unimproved facilities like pit latrines without a slab or platform, hanging latrines or bucket latrines (856 million), according to the report.
24th Nov 2017 - Down To Earth Magazine

More than just toilets needed

India cannot fulfill its dream of becoming open defecation free by 2019 only by building more toilets. Emphasis must also be on bringing about behaviour change. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan has to become a people’s movement. The ambitious Swachh Bharat Abhiyan recently celebrated its anniversary on October 2. This unprecedented cleanliness movement has October 2, 2019, as the target date to achieve a completely clean India. But according to a latest report by WaterAid, an NGO, around 732 million people, which includes 355 million women and girls, still do not have access to a toilet in the country. In fact, if this section of the population were to stand in a line, the queue could circle the Earth more than four times. This basically translates to the fact that these infrastructure-challenged people are still resorting to open defecation as a part of their daily routine.
23rd Nov 2017 - Daily Pioneer

WaterAid report on India"s sanitation "factually incorrect": Govt

The government on Tuesday disputed a report released last week by WaterAid, an international NGO, that more than 732 million Indians defecate in the open or in unsafe or unhygienic toilets. The report, ‘Out of Order—The State of the World’s Toilets 2017,’ also claimed that India has the highest number of women—355 million—waiting for a toilet. In a statement, the ministry of drinking water and sanitation said that WaterAid’s findings extrapolated data for the period between 2000 and 2015 and missed out the progress made under the Swachh Bharat (Clean India) mission.
21st Nov 2017 - Livemint

Indian Govt committed to improve sanitation: Narendra Modi

On the World Toilet Day on Sunday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi reaffirmed his government's commitment towards improving sanitation facilities across the nation. "I compliment all those individuals and organisations working towards building more toilets in various parts of India. Their invaluable contribution adds solid momentum to Swachh Bharat Mission," the Prime Minister tweeted. In a video posted on Twitter, Modi stressed the need to end the concept of open defecation saying that this is the best gift that can be given to women. Modi had also exhorted people to fulfill Mahatma Gandhi’s vision of Clean India.
20th Nov 2017 - The Hans India

A perfect sanitation solution

The Twin Pit-Pour Flush system is undoubtedly the best form of sanitation that is safe and sustainable but there are certain challenges that needs to be addressed before we achieve the goal of an Open Defecation Free India by 2019. It has been three year since India launched the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) to achieve the ambitious target of an Open Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2019. The Modi Government has been doing its bit to meet the target but there are two very critical aspects that require intervention to achieve the goal. First, relates to software, ie changing people’s mindset to use toilets. Second, relates to hardware ie to ensure that people have access to the right products and technologies that make toilet-use easy and safe. While most campaigns do address the software aspect, they often fail to understand the importance of hardware.
19th Nov 2017 - Daily Pioneer

Women face sanitation hurdles at government establishments

While the government is stressing on building toilets for every household in the country to achieve the ambitious open-defecation-free target, sanitation facilities at various government establishments like administrative offices, courts and educational institutes aren't women friendly. Last year, in a sample study participated by 198 girls from Aurangabad district's rural areas, women rights activist Renuka Kad found out startling figures concerning sanitation facilities in rural schools. All the girls participating in the survey from ages 13 to 18 years preferred staying at home during their periods due to the absence of toilets in school and lack of cleanliness or water in toilets.
18th Nov 2017 - The Times of India

More than 732 million Indians don"t have access to toilets: Report

More than 732 million Indians still defecate in the open or in unsafe and unhygienic toilets, three years after the launch of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan (Clean India Mission), said a report released on Thursday. The ‘State of the World’s Toilets 2017’ report by WaterAid, which works on issues related to water and sanitation, said the situation was worse for women and girls, 355 million of whom are still waiting for a toilet, the report said. The statistics also depict India as the country with the maximum number of people (around 56%) without toilets and basic sanitation. “In India, a staggering 355 million women and girls are still waiting for a toilet; if they were all to stand in a queue, it would stretch around the Earth more than four times.
17th Nov 2017 - Livemint

India Has Highest Number Of People Without Basic Sanitation: Report

India, the world's second-largest country by population, has the highest number of people without basic sanitation, according to a report. The report says despite immense progress through the Swachh Bharat (Clean India) Mission, more than 732 million people still suffer fear and indignity of relieving themselves in the open or in unsafe or unhygienic toilets- a situation that is worse for women and girls. "In India, a staggering 355 million women and girls are still waiting for a toilet; if they were all to stand in a queue, it would stretch around the Earth more than four times!" WaterAid's State of the World's Toilets 2017 report says
17th Nov 2017 - NDTV

A $62 billion business opportunity is hiding behind India"s toilet troubles

Three years after rolling out the Swachh Bharat (Clean India) campaign, which among other things aims to eradicate open defecation by 2019, India is far from solving its filth problem. Over 70% of rural India still lacks adequate sanitation facilities, World Bank data shows. Over 56% of Indians—some 732.2 million of them—lack access to basic sanitation. Globally, these are the worst numbers, according to a 2017 report by the international charity WaterAid. The situation is so grim that girls drop out of school due to a dearth of functional toilets on campus.
15th Nov 2017 - Quartz