Use of Scarce Water - Water and Well-Being in India - 28th May 2018

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Himachal HC directs Centre to provide funding for water supply schemes’ augmentation

Making its intervention to find a solution to the water needs of the people, the Himachal Pradesh High Court has directed the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation to take immediate steps to provide funding for the augmentation of 1,421 drinking water supply schemes
25th May 2018 - The Indian Express

HC directive to Union govt on water shortage

26th May 2018 - The Tribune India

"Bhavesh Joshi Superhero" unmasks water mafia

It’s a known fact that in many parts of India, mafia are active in regions where there’s water scarcity. These gangs procure water from illegal sources and sell them to people at exorbitant rates. There is also growing evidence that a lot of water — supplied by government bodies — is lost to theft and leakage in pipelines. Vikramaditya Motwane’s upcoming directorial, 'Bhavesh Joshi Superhero', highlights this basic, but not-often-discussed issue. The film releases worldwide on June 1. The subject of the movie will resonate with many Mumbaikars in water-starved localities, who buy water at inflated rates because of the municipal authorities’ failure to tackle the ‘tanker mafia’.
27th May 2018 - The Times of India

Hindustan Times Investigation 8: Here are the solutions to deal with Pune's water mafia crisis

The Pune Municipal Corporation and the residents of Pune, especially those suffering at the hands of the water mafia must now act in concert to resolve the water scarcity crisis in the fringe localities of the city.
26th May 2018 - Hindustan Times

Is it water scarcity or govt apathy as Chhattisgarh villagers drink water from drain?

A village in Dantewada is reeling under water scarcity. Locals are compelled to dig water from an area near a drain, reported ANI. Equally shocking is the reaction of the collector who merely said he would look into the matter as if it is a small issue. "We will look into the matter, if there is a shortage of hand pumps then we will install them," Saurabh Kumar, collector, told ANI.
22nd May 2018 - One India

Save water to save ourselves – Act on four fronts to secure depleting water stock: Policy, infrastructure, behaviour ...

Prime Minister Narendra Modi reminded us about this dry season and the need to take conservation measures. This is a good opportunity to take stock of India’s big water challenges. Critical groundwater resources – accounting for 40% of our water – are being depleted at rapid rates. Droughts are becoming more frequent, causing distress to rain-dependent farmers. If nothing changes, and fast, things will get much worse: estimates indicate that water demand will exceed supply by a factor of two by 2030, driving economic losses of 6% of GDP by 2050. The challenges need to be addressed at four levels – policy, infrastructure, behaviour and data.
22nd May 2018 - The Times of India

Amazing! Odisha Railway Station Gets 120 L/Day of Potable Water from Air

Speaking to PTI, Mr JP Mishra, the Chief Public Relations Officer of the East Coast Railways, said that the station would use atmospheric moisture extraction technology, and pass it over a condenser, turning the vapour into water, due to the heat exchange. The machine to be used for this process works at a low humidity level of 50%, has an ambient temperature of 32-35 degrees Celsius, and is capable of harvesting 120 litres of water a day. The machine was installed at the station on April 25th, and the suggestion for getting water from the air was suggested by the ECoR General Manager, Mr Umesh Singh, who also spoke of the atmospheric moisture extractor to harvest water. Mr JP Mishra is optimistic about this sustainable method of collecting water and hopes to replicate this in other stations
22nd May 2018 - The Better India

Water quality still poor, say Muktsar residents

Officials of the Water Supply and Sanitation Department claimed that there was no scarcity of potable water. “We had closed water inlets of all reservoirs, so the contaminated water could not enter anywhere. Still, we lifted about 50 water samples and the reports from the local laboratory clarified that the water stored in the reservoirs is not contaminated. We have further sent the samples to the state laboratory and its report is awaited,” said Kuldeep Singh Saini, Superintending Engineer, Water Supply and Sanitation Department. He said: “We have stored water for 7-14 days, so consumers need not panic.”
21st May 2018 - The Tribune India

President Ram Nath Kovind asks scientists to find solutions for challenges like climate change, water scarcity

At the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) in Mohali, President Ram Kovind exhorted scientists and students to work towards finding solutions to challenges such as climate change and water scarcity, whilst underscoring that science and technology must continue to play a role in nation building.
20th May 2018 - The Indian Express

Cape Town Is Not Alone: Bangalore Faces Impending Water Crisis

While the world is focused on Cape Town, South Africa, and its impending water crisis, the water security problems of the Indian tech hub are quietly escalating. Bangalore, known as India’s Silicon Valley for it’s rising techology sector, has experienced a massive population boom in the past decade and it’s water system cannot keep up. The population has nearly doubled from 5.7 million in 2001 to 10.5 million today, with a projected population of more than 2 million IT professionals by 2020, according to Wired. The city’s water distribution system only covers the central area of the city, but the surrounding areas, which swelled during the city’s rapid growth, are not connected to city water and instead get their water supply from tankers. The tankers deliver the water sourced from boreholes, tapping into a quickly shrinking groundwater supply. As groundwater is continuously pulled with no replenishment, the groundwater levels have sunk from a depth of 150 to 200 ft to 1,000 ft or more in some places. In a city covered in impervious areas and with a massive population continuously growing, the groundwater is not able to recharge fast enough.
18th May 2018 - Storm Water Solutions

Water mismanagement leaves India"s Silicon Valley parched

India's Silicon Valley is bracing for yet another thirsty summer. Faucets are running dry and the lakes that once nurtured the southern city of Bangalore and its nearly 10 million residents are either parched or fetid with industrial waste and toxic effluents. Much like Cape Town in South Africa, Bangalore's water woes have been in the making for some time. Years of unplanned urbanization, rapid population growth and poor management of water resources have now reached a critical point in the southern Indian metropolis.
16th May 2018 - Daily Mail

Gujarat industry wants distribution for desalinated water

The utility, Gujarat Water Infrastructure Ltd (GWIL), halted supplies to industrial units in Kutch from its Anjar-Mandvi pipeline in April 2018. Now the Federation of Kutch Industries Association (FOKIA), an umbrella organisation for small, medium and large industry in the region, is calling on state authorities to make the network available. Up to 250 large and 3,000 small facilities receive about 85,000 m3/d from GWIL, which also supplies residents. The industries are usually supplied from Sardar Sarovar Dam, however dam levels have dropped due to scarcity of rain during the last monsoon.
16th May 2018 - Desalination Water Reuse

Rising heat, scarce water turn Balangir a cauldron

Come summer and water woes of inhabitants of Balangir town spills over. Though the authorities concerned claim that they have been supplying water as per demand, nearly half of the population has to manage without water for half of hot months.
7th May 2018 - The New Indian Express

India’s dried-out rivers feed spate of water wars

New Delhi and Haryana are currently locked in a Supreme Court battle over the Yamuna, with Delhi’s water board accusing Haryana of cutting the daily water supply to the capital — fixed by a 1996 court order — by a third, leading to a grave water crisis in this city of 18m people.
7th May 2018 - Financial Times

Now, Mahi river feeds Narmada main canal to meet drinking water needs

Faced with acute shortage of Narmada water, the government has started an inter-basin transfer of water, by “lifting” over 350 cusecs from the Mahi right bank canal (lying in east-west direction) and dumping it into the Narmada main canal
6th May 2018 - The Indian Express

Govt sanctions 4 drinking water projects for 3 towns

A high level meeting chaired by Chief Secretary A P Padhi approved the project proposals submitted by the Urban Development department for Jharsuguda, Koraput and Rairangpur. The department has proposed two drinking water projects for Jharsuguda town at an estimated cost of `133.66 crore while the project at Koraput and Rairangpur towns will cost `35 crore and `25 crore respectively. The meeting discussed creation of water bodies in water scarce areas of mineral bearing districts. The Panchayati Raj and Drinking Water Supply department was asked to identify such areas and submit project proposals for approval of the Government
4th May 2018 - The New Indian Express

Bracing to a man-made crisis

Year-after-year, healthy monsoons are giving India a slip and it has been a long while since the country has had its fill of satiating spell of rains. The much-look-forward monsoons this year are a welcome respite after a gruelling summer, but the Indian Meteorological Department has already spilled water on the collective hopes of a parched nation by forecasting a 44 per cent possibility of a mediocre monsoon. Rapidly dwindling groundwater levels are only adding to the criticality of the situation. In fact, successive droughts and erratic rainfall have led to excess extraction of groundwater. This in turn has led to a 61 per cent decline in groundwater level in wells between 2007 and 2017.
3rd May 2018 - Daily Pioneer

With water crisis brewing, Nagpur orange production to nose-dive by nearly 50%

Nagpur oranges and other fruit crops in the Vidarbha region are bearing the brunt of a severe water crisis as borewells in the region go dry. The current heat spell, coupled with little water, may drastically affect production of some horticulture crops.
3rd May 2018 - The Times of India

If 80% water consumption in India is for agriculture, why is it unregulated and inefficient?

During the 2011 census, India entered the league of water deficient nations. A nation is considered water deficient if the per capita availability falls below 1700 cubic meters per person. The per capita water availability that fell by 15% during the first decade of this century to 1545 cubic meters per person, will be below 1400 cubic meters per person this summer. Though the rate of depletion has reduced in the last few years, we are still consuming much more than is being replenished by nature. And therein lies the danger. We will be leaving a troubled legacy for the next generation unless we take quick remedial actions to reverse the trend.
3rd May 2018 - Observer Research Foundation

Caste, greed, and unending need: the story of India's waste crisis

In a new book titled The Waste of a Nation (Harvard University Press), Assa Doron and Robin Jeffrey, professors at the Australian National University, show that it was decades in the making, spurred by the combination of population growth, urbanisation, and the embrace of consumer capitalism. The last one in particular has sparked a break from the age-old Indian habits of frugality and recycling. The tendency today is to consume more disposable goods, which is straining India’s capacity to handle waste.
1st May 2018 - Quartz

Use of Scarce Water - Water and Well-Being in India - 18th Dec 2017

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No evidence of China diverting water of Siang: CWC

The national river water monitoring agency, Central Water Commission (CWC), has found no evidence of China diverting water of the Yarlung Tsangpo, which flows through southern Tibet into India, first as Siang in Arunachal Pradesh and then as Brahmaputra in Assam till it enters Bangladesh as Jamuna, to build dams. But, it has no conclusive reason why Siang has turned black due to cement-like slag, which has been flowing from across the McMohan line for over a month now. The contamination has also been noticed in Brahmaputra at different locations in Assam, hundreds of kilometers from Arunachal Pradesh. "CWC has been closely monitoring the water levels of Siang and Brahmaputra but there is no evidence of any diversion of the Yarlung Tsangpo as the water levels on Indian side have not changed," a central government official said.
15th Dec 2017 - The Times of India

Some smart solutions to farm distress

Input usage can be brought down by using integrated farming methods in which there is a balance between preventive agronomic methods and some curative chemical methods without sacrificing yields and quality. Firstly, there is a need to reduce tillage and promote better soil structures. Minimum tillage helps prevent soil erosion. Secondly, soil structures, damaged because of indiscriminate use of chemical fertilisers, need to be restored. Biotechnology solutions like nitrogen-use efficiency gene and phosphorus-use efficiency gene reduce consumption of fertilisers significantly. NUE and PUE are in the regulatory system. If we can make them commercially available it can help in reduce fertiliser consumption, reduce cost and promote better soil structures.
14th Dec 2017 - The Hindu Business Line

Pak SC asks cement company to refill water in Katas Raj temple pond

Pakistan's Supreme Court on Wednesday ordered a local cement factory to fill water in the pond of Katas Raj temple in Chakwal within a week, taking cognisance of reports that such factories had caused the drying of the water body. The Bestway Cement factory, which was asked to fill the pond of the Hindu shrine, is one of the four major cement production units in the area. A three-member SC bench headed by Chief Justice Mian Saqib Nisar is hearing a suo motu case based on media reports that the pond is drying out due to water consumption by these factories. The factories are reportedly draining the pond through a number of wells which have reduced the subsoil water level the created shortages for domestic users as well.
13th Dec 2017 - Hindustan Times

ACB yet to prove role of Ajit Pawar, Tatkare in Rs 70,000 crore water projects

Exactly three years after chief minister Devendra Fadnavis granted permission to the Anti-Corruption Bureau to conduct an open probe against high profile NCP leaders Ajit Pawar and Sunil Tatkare, the agency is yet to establish their role in the irrigation scam. The Rs 70,000-crore scam was the main poll plank of the BJP in the 2014 Lok Sabha and assembly elections. In a related development, the Nagpur ACB on Tuesday filed four separate first information reports for rampant corruption and irregularities in the Gosikhurd irrigation project. Though the FIRs do not name Pawar or Tatkare, all the proposals were dealt by them at different stages.
13th Dec 2017 - The Times of India

"Only way forward for Karnataka is to move to climate-resilient farming"

Israel is in the process of setting up 30 centres of excellence in different parts of India, including three in Karnataka, for promoting particular crop varieties, says the only way Karnataka and similar States can deal with adverse climatic conditions is total transformation from rain-fed agriculture to cent per cent climate-resilient agricultural system.
10th Dec 2017 - The Hindu

These solar canopies supply shade & electricity, as well as catch and filter rainwater

A pair of Indian entrepreneurs has developed what they claim is "the most advanced integrated plug and play system" for shade, water, and energy. Solar canopies and carports, which can provide shade underneath them while harvesting clean energy from the sunlight that hits them, can be a great asset in both public and private spaces, but the startup ThinkPhi goes one step further with its flagship product. The company's model 1080 not only produces renewable electricity from the sun (and stores it in integrated batteries), but it can also collect and filter rainwater.
5th Dec 2017 - Treehugger

Bundelkhand Lakes to be "encroachment free"

The CM said all the lakes of Sagar division comprising Tikamgarh, Chattarpur, Damoh and Sagar districts will be demarcated and the encroachments will be removed from the lakes. Land will be identified to dig up new ponds. Besides, check dams and stop dams will also be constructed, said Chouhan. The chief minister said that the government, society and organisations working in the field of water conservation will work together to "change the picture of Bundelkhand region", adding that every necessary step will be taken to revive the drying rivers of the region in view of the erratic rainfall pattern in the region
3rd Dec 2017 - The Times of India

Bijepur village cries for attention

While most of the villagers are into farming, locals claim that there is no trace of irrigation facility here. It is the rains that decide the fate of farmers. Even as the villagers had been demanding construction of a check dam across river Utali, the officials at all levels chose to ignore the matter, locals added. “The check dam would have irrigated the agricultural fields in the village. But it is not on the agenda of the district administration or any political party. Moreover, the embankment of a bridge over river Utali is also getting eroded and despite apprising the officials of the impending threat, no action has yet been taken,” villagers complained.
24th Nov 2017 - The New Indian Express

Israeli technology to transform Indian agriculture

One of the most critical issues for the farming community is availability of water. Fresh water withdrawals are highest by the agricultural sector, and accounts for nearly 84-85 percent of water withdrawal in India, which is well above the global average. India and Israel have had a very strong partnership in Agriculture. Under the India-Israel Agriculture Project, Centre of Excellences were established in various states which are helping the farming fraternity in India to adopt the latest technologies such as micro irrigation systems.
22nd Nov 2017 - The Economic Times